Question One: As you read the Bible do you see any difference between Salvation and Justification? Why or Why not?
Question Two: Do you find D. A. CARSON's point of view on this subject (link) to be convincing? Why or why not?
REFLECTIONS ON SALVATION AND JUSTIFICATION IN THE NEW TESTAMENT
That is a great article. Thanks for posting it. Here's what I believe about salvation and justification. I base this on Limited Atonement, meaning all for whom Christ died cannot be charged for sins he paid for. So God can justly restore them to new spiritual life instead of punishing them. So we are justified by Christ's blood Romans 5:9. Those redeemed are restored to spiritual life in the New Birth. Some of these might be beyond the reach of the gospel. But they will live holy lives according to their new redeemed nature, but remain lacking in understanding.
Those who hear the gospel will understand at a spiritual level and gladly repent, experiencing the physical provisions salvation provides. But either way, none can be lost, having their sins atoned for by Christ. We are justified as James says, by works, not of the law, but of a new loving nature. The nature does not exist apart from the fruit of the Spirit. And faith, a fruit of the Spirit always produces good works or holiness.